EIP 2015: Wallet Update Chain JSON-RPC Method (`wallet_updateChain`) Source

AuthorPedro Gomes
Discussions-Tohttps://ethereum-magicians.org/t/eip-2015-wallet-update-chain-json-rpc-method-wallet-updatechain/3274
StatusDraft
TypeStandards Track
CategoryERC
Created2019-05-12
Requires 155, 1474

Simple Summary

Wallets can update the active chain when connected to a Dapp but not vice-versa, with wallet_updateChain the Dapp will be able to request this change from the Wallet.

Abstract

Dapp can request the Wallet to switch chains by providing the minimal parameters of chainId, networkId, rpcUrl and nativeCurrency. The Wallet will display a UI element to inform the user of this change.

Motivation

Wallet and Dapp communication rely on the present provider that acts as middleware between the two. Using JSON-RPC methods, the Dapp is able to access not only the active accounts but also the active chain. With EIP-1102 we introduced the ability for Dapps to request access to the active accounts and the Wallet is able to provide a simple UI to inform the user of this action however the same is not currently possible for switching chains. The current pattern is to display some UI to request the user to switch chains within the Dapp, however this could be easily improved by triggering a UI from the Wallet side that can be approved or rejected by the user instead.

Specification

The JSON RPC method will be part of wallet_ namespaced methods which aim to improve the UX and interoperability between Dapps and Wallets.

Required Parameters

  • chainId (number): the id of the chain complaint with EIP-155
  • networkId (number): the id of the chain’s network
  • rpcUrl (string): the url endpoint for RPC requests for this chain
  • nativeCurrency (Object): includes two fields for name (string) and symbol (string)

Best Practices

  • The Wallet should display a UI view similar to a EIP-1102 informing the user that the currently connected Dapp wants to switch to the specified chain.
  • the Wallet should default the rpcUrl to any existing endpoints matching a chainId known previously to the wallet, otherwise it will use the provided rpcUrl as a fallback.
  • the Wallet should call the rpcUrl with net_version and eth_chainId to verify the provided chainId and networkId match the responses from the rpcUrl
  • the Wallet should change all nativeCurrency symbols to the provided parameter

Example 1

A JSON-RPC request from a Dapp to switch the Ethereum Goerli chain would be as follows:

{
  "id":1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "method": "wallet_updateChain",
  "params": [
    {
      "chainId": 5,
      "networkId": 5,
      "rpcUrl": "https://goerli.infura.io/v3/406405f9c65348f99d0d5c27104b2213",
      "nativeCurrency": {
        "name": "Goerli ETH",
        "symbol": "gorETH"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Example 2

A JSON-RPC request from a Dapp to switch the POA Network’s xDAI chain would be as follows:

{
  "id":1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "method": "wallet_updateChain",
  "params": [
    {
      "chainId": 100,
      "networkId": 100,
      "rpcUrl": "https://dai.poa.network",
      "nativeCurrency": {
        "name": "xDAI",
        "symbol": "xDAI"
      }
    }
  ]
}

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