EIP-2681: Limit account nonce to 2^64-1 Source

AuthorAlex Beregszaszi
Discussions-Tohttps://ethereum-magicians.org/t/eip-2681-limit-account-nonce-to-2-64-1/4324
StatusDraft
TypeStandards Track
CategoryCore
Created2020-04-25

Abstract

Limit account nonce to be between 0 and 2^64-1.

Motivation

This is motivated by Eth1.x / Stateless Ethereum discussions, more specifically discussion around the “witness format”. Introducing a restriction would allow storing the nonce in a more optimised way.

Additionally it could prove beneficial to transaction formats, where some improvements are potentially sought by at least three other proposals.

Lastly this facilitates a minor optimisation in clients, because the nonce no longer needs to be kept as a 256-bit number.

Specification

If block.number >= FORK_BLOCK introduce two new restrictions:

  1. Consider any transaction invalid, where the nonce exceeds 2^64-1.
  2. The CREATE instruction to abort with an exceptional halt, where the account nonce is 2^64-1.

Rationale

  1. It is unlikely for any nonce to reach or exceed the proposed limit. If one would want to reach that limit via external transactions, it would cost at least 21000 * (2^64-1) = 387_381_625_547_900_583_915_000 gas.

  2. It must be noted that in the past, in the Morden testnet, each new account had a starting nonce of 2^20 in order to differentiate transactions from mainnet transactions. This mode of replay protection is out of fashion since EIP-155 introduced a more elegant way using chain identifiers.

  3. Most clients already consider the nonce field to be 64-bit, such as go-ethereum.

Backwards Compatibility

While this is a breaking change, no actual effect should be visible:

  1. There is no account in the state currently which would have a nonce exceeding that value. Need to double check, but would be very surprised.

  2. go-ethereum already has this restriction in place (state.Account.Nonce and types.txdata.AccountNonce it as a 64-bit number).

Security Considerations

TBA

Test Cases

TBA

Implementation

TBA

Copyright and related rights waived via CC0.

Citation

Please cite this document as:

Alex Beregszaszi, "EIP-2681: Limit account nonce to 2^64-1 [DRAFT]," Ethereum Improvement Proposals, no. 2681, April 2020. [Online serial]. Available: https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-2681.