⚠️ This EIP is not recommended for general use or implementation as it is likely to change.

EIP-5625: NFT Metadata JSON Schema dStorage Extension Source

Add a dStorage property to non-fungible tokens (NFTs) metadata JSON schema to provide decentralized storage information of NFT assets

AuthorGavin Fu
Discussions-Tohttps://ethereum-magicians.org/t/eip-5625-nft-metadata-json-schema-dstorage-extension/10754
StatusDraft
TypeStandards Track
CategoryERC
Created2022-09-08
Requires 721, 1155

Abstract

This EIP extends the NFT metadata JSON schema defined in EIP-721 and EIP-1155, adding a dStorage key that provides information about how the NFT data is stored.

Motivation

As highly valuable crypto properties, NFT assets intrinsically demand guaranteed storage to assure their immutability, reliability, and durability. NFT ownership is tracked by EIP-721 or EIP-1155 smart contracts, hence persisted in blockchain, which is not a problem. But how about the mime-type assets that NFT tokens represent? Ideally, they should also be stored in some reliable and verifiable decentralized storage system that is designed to store larger amounts of data than the blockchain itself. As an effort to promote decentralized storage adoption in NFT world, we propose to add additional dStorage information into NFT metadata JSON schema.

As a refresher, let’s review existing NFT metadata JSON schema standards. EIP-721 defines a standard contract method tokenURI to return a given NFT’s metadata JSON file, conforming to the EIP-721 Metadata JSON Schema, which defines three properties: name, description and image.

Similarly, EIP-1155 also defines a standard contract method uri to return NFT metadata JSON files conforming to the EIP-1155 Metadata JSON Schema, which defines properties like name, decimals, description, image, properties, localization, etc.

Besides, as the world’s largest NFT marketplace nowadays, OpenSea defines their own Metadata Standards, including a few more properties like image_data, external_url, attributes, background_color, animation_url, youtube_url, etc. This standard is de facto respected and followed by other NFT marketplaces like LooksRare.

None of these standards conveys storage information about the mime-type asset that the NFT token represents. This proposal is an effort to fill the missing part.

Specification

The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

In addition to the existing properties, the Metadata JSON file returned by EIP-721 and EIP-1155 smart contracts (via tokenURI and uri methods, respectively), should OPTIONALLY contains one more dStorage property.

For EIP-721 smart contracts, the Metadata JSON file schema is:

{
    "title": "Asset Metadata",
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
        "name": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "Identifies the asset to which this NFT represents"
        },
        "description": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "Describes the asset to which this NFT represents"
        },
        "image": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "A URI pointing to a resource with mime type image/* representing the asset to which this NFT represents. Consider making any images at a width between 320 and 1080 pixels and aspect ratio between 1.91:1 and 4:5 inclusive."
        },
        "dStorage": {
            "type": "object",
            "required": ["platform", "description", "persistence_mechanism", "challenge_mechanism", "consensus", "dstorage_note"],
            "properties": {
                "platform": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "dStorage platform name like Swarm, Arweave, Filecoin, Crust, etc"
                },
                "description": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "A brief description of the dStorage platform"
                },
                "persistence_mechanism": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "Persistence mechanism or incentive structure of the dStorage platform, like 'blockchain-based', 'contract-based', etc"
                },
                "challenge_mechanism": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "Challenge mechanism of the dStorage platform, like Arweave's proof-of-access, etc"
                },
                "consensus": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "Consensus mechanism of the dStorage platform, like PoW, PoS, etc"
                },
                "dstorage_note": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "A note to prove the storage of the NFT asset on the dStorage platform, like a Filecoin deal id, a Crust place_storage_order transaction hash, etc"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

For EIP-1155 smart contracts, the Metadata JSON file schema is:

{
    "title": "Token Metadata",
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
        "name": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "Identifies the asset to which this token represents",
        },
        "decimals": {
            "type": "integer",
            "description": "The number of decimal places that the token amount should display - e.g. 18, means to divide the token amount by 1000000000000000000 to get its user representation."
        },
        "description": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "Describes the asset to which this token represents"
        },
        "image": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "A URI pointing to a resource with mime type image/* representing the asset to which this token represents. Consider making any images at a width between 320 and 1080 pixels and aspect ratio between 1.91:1 and 4:5 inclusive."
        },
        "properties": {
            "type": "object",
            "description": "Arbitrary properties. Values may be strings, numbers, object or arrays.",
        },
        "localization": {
            "type": "object",
            "required": ["uri", "default", "locales"],
            "properties": {
                "uri": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "The URI pattern to fetch localized data from. This URI should contain the substring `{locale}` which will be replaced with the appropriate locale value before sending the request."
                },
                "default": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "The locale of the default data within the base JSON"
                },
                "locales": {
                    "type": "array",
                    "description": "The list of locales for which data is available. These locales should conform to those defined in the Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (http://cldr.unicode.org/)."
                }
            }
        },
        "dStorage": {
            "type": "object",
            "required": ["platform", "description", "persistence_mechanism", "challenge_mechanism", "consensus", "dstorage_note"],
            "properties": {
                "platform": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "dStorage platform name like Swarm, Arweave, Filecoin, Crust, etc"
                },
                "description": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "A brief description of the dStorage platform"
                },
                "persistence_mechanism": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "Persistence mechanism or incentive structure of the dStorage platform, like 'blockchain-based', 'contract-based', etc"
                },
                "challenge_mechanism": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "Challenge mechanism of the dStorage platform, like Arweave's proof-of-access, etc"
                },
                "consensus": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "Consensus mechanism of the dStorage platform, like PoW, PoS, etc"
                },
                "dstorage_note": {
                    "type": "string",
                    "description": "A note to prove the storage of the NFT asset on the dStorage platform, like a Filecoin deal id, a Crust place_storage_order transaction hash, etc"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Rationale

Choice between Interface and JSON Schema Extension

An extension of the EIP-721 or EIP-1155 contract interfaces would unnecessarily require additional code to implement, and would not be available for use by NFT projects that already have their NFT smart contracts finalized and deployed. An optional JSON schema extension is noninvasive, and more easily adopted.

Backwards Compatibility

This EIP is backward compatible with EIP-721 and EIP-1155.

Security Considerations

Needs discussion.

Copyright and related rights waived via CC0.

Citation

Please cite this document as:

Gavin Fu, "EIP-5625: NFT Metadata JSON Schema dStorage Extension [DRAFT]," Ethereum Improvement Proposals, no. 5625, September 2022. [Online serial]. Available: https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-5625.