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📢 Last Call Standards Track: Core

EIP-7516: BLOBBASEFEE instruction

Instruction that returns the current data-blob base-fee

Authors Carl Beekhuizen (@carlbeek)
Created 2023-09-11
Last Call Deadline 2024-02-15
Requires EIP-3198, EIP-4844

Abstract

Add a BLOBBASEFEE (0x4a) instruction that returns the value of the blob base-fee of the current block it is executing in. It is the identical to EIP-3198 (BASEFEE opcode) except that it returns the blob base-fee as per EIP-4844.

Motivation

The intended use case would be for contracts to get the value of the blob base-fee. This feature enables blob-data users to programmatically account for the blob gas price, eg:

  • Allow rollup contracts to trustlessly account for blob data usage costs.
  • Blob gas futures can be implemented based on it which allows for blob users to smooth out data blob costs.

Specification

Add a BLOBBASEFEE instruction with opcode 0x4a, with gas cost 2.

Op Input Output Cost
0x4a 0 1 2

BLOBBASEFEE returns the result of the get_blob_gasprice(header) -> int function as defined in EIP-4844 §Gas accounting.

Rationale

Gas cost

The value of the blob base-fee is needed to process data-blob transactions. That means its value is already available before running the EVM code. The instruction does not add extra complexity and additional read/write operations, hence the choice of 2 gas cost. This is also identical to EIP-3198 (BASEFEE opcode)’s cost as it just makes available data that is in the header.

Backwards Compatibility

There are no known backward compatibility issues with this instruction.

Test Cases

Nominal case

Assuming calling get_blob_gasprice(header) (as defined in EIP-4844 §Gas accounting) on the current block’s header returns 7 wei: BLOBBASEFEE should push the value 7 (left padded byte32) to the stack.

Bytecode: 0x4900 (BLOBBASEFEE, STOP)

Pc Op Cost Stack RStack
0 BLOBBASEFEE 2 [] []
1 STOP 0 [7] []

Output: 0x Consumed gas: 2

Security Considerations

The value of the blob base-fee is not sensitive and is publicly accessible in the block header. There are no known security implications with this instruction.

Copyright and related rights waived via CC0.

Citation

Please cite this document as:

Carl Beekhuizen (@carlbeek), "EIP-7516: BLOBBASEFEE instruction [DRAFT]," Ethereum Improvement Proposals, no. 7516, September 2023. [Online serial]. Available: https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-7516.