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⚠️ Draft Standards Track: Core

EIP-6780: SELFDESTRUCT only in same transaction

SELFDESTRUCT will recover all funds to the caller but not delete the account, except when called in the same transaction as creation

Authors Guillaume Ballet (@gballet), Vitalik Buterin (@vbuterin), Dankrad Feist (@dankrad)
Created 2023-03-25
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Requires EIP-2681, EIP-2929, EIP-3529


This EIP changes the functionality of the SELFDESTRUCT opcode. The new functionality will be only to send all Ether in the account to the caller, except that the current behaviour is preserved when SELFDESTRUCT is called in the same transaction a contract was created.


The SELFDESTRUCT opcode requires large changes to the state of an account, in particular removing all code and storage. This will not be possible in the future with Verkle trees: Each account will be stored in many different account keys, which will not be obviously connected to the root account.

This EIP implements this change. Applications that only use SELFDESTRUCT to retrieve funds will still work. Applications that only use SELFDESTRUCT in the same transaction as they created a contract will also continue to work without any changes.


The behaviour of SELFDESTRUCT is changed in the following way:

  1. When SELFDESTRUCT is executed in a transaction that is not the same as the contract calling SELFDESTRUCT was created:
  • SELFDESTRUCT does not delete any storage keys or code
  • SELFDESTRUCT transfers the entire account balance to the target.
  • No refund is given, as per EIP-3529.
  • EIP-2929’s rules regarding SELFDESTRUCT remain unchanged.
  1. When SELFDESTRUCT is executed in the same transaction as the contract was created:
  • SELFDESTRUCT continues to behave as originally, i.e. deletes all storage keys and the account itself.
  • Subsequently, the account will behave like exactly like an empty account, both in the same transaction and in all later ones
  • Transfer the account balance to the target and set account balance to 0.
  • Note that no refund is given since EIP-3529.
  • Note that the rules of EIP-2929 regarding SELFDESTRUCT remain unchanged.
  • Note that when verkle tries are implemented on Ethereum, the cleared storage will be marked as having been written before but empty. This leads to no observable differences in EVM execution, but a contract having been created and deleted will lead to different state roots compared to the action not happening.

The SELFDESTRUCT opcode remains deprecated as specified in EIP-6049. Any use in newly deployed contracts is strongly discouraged even if this new behaviour is taken into account, and future changes to the EVM might further reduce the functionality of the opcode.


Getting rid of the SELFDESTRUCT opcode has been considered in the past, and there are currently no strong reasons to use it. This EIP implements a behavior that will attempt to leave some common uses of SELFDESTRUCT working, while reducing the complexity of the change on EVM implementations that would come from contract versioning. A further option that was considered was to just remove storage clearing from SELFDESTRUCT in EIP-6046 while preserving removal of contracts, however this is not safe because existing contracts rely on storage being empty when they are deployed.

Backwards Compatibility

This EIP requires a hard fork, since it modifies consensus rules.

The only breaking change occurs when a contract is re-created at the same address using CREATE2 (after a SELFDESTRUCT), where the SELFDESTRUCT is executed in a transaction that’s different from the one that originally creates the contract.

Security Considerations

The following applications of SELFDESTRUCT will be broken and applications that use it in this way are not safe anymore:

  1. Where CREATE2 is used to redeploy a contract in the same place in order to make a contract upgradable. This is not supported anymore and ERC-2535 or other types of proxy contracts should be used instead.

Copyright and related rights waived via CC0.


Please cite this document as:

Guillaume Ballet (@gballet), Vitalik Buterin (@vbuterin), Dankrad Feist (@dankrad), "EIP-6780: SELFDESTRUCT only in same transaction [DRAFT]," Ethereum Improvement Proposals, no. 6780, March 2023. [Online serial]. Available: